DAIRY HERD IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME ACTIONS
Dairy Herd Improvement Programme Actions (DIPA), a unit of TCMPF Ltd, was established to upgrade the existing Cattle and Buffalo population with superior germplasms through Crossbred Progeny Testing Scheme in the year 1989 and Buffalo Progeny Testing Scheme in the year 1993 respectively.
In order to meet out the requirement of crossbred bulls for future semen production at TCMPF and AH department semen stations, a Bull Production Programme was started in the year 2002. From 2005, the same programme is being continued as Field Performance Recording Programme till now.
DIPA implements Field Performance Recording Programme and Imported Bovine Semen Traceability at field level and monitors Pashusanjivani, General AI entries through INAPH and Nation-wide Artificial Insemination Programme at union level.
Objectives of DIPA:
- Identification of elite cows and production of High Genetic Merit bull calves by inseminating elite cows with proven bull semen.
- Conservation of indigenous breeds.
- Genetic up gradation of existing animals through various schemes implemented by TCMPF and TNLDA.
Field Performance Recording Programme:
Field Performance Recording Programme is implemented in crossbred Jersey and Kangeyam indigenous breed to produce high genetic merit bull calves through nominated mating of elite cows (selected based on milk yield complying with MSP) with proven bull semen. The bull calves are distributed to semen stations of TCMPF and AH department for future semen production. So far 422 cross bred Jersey bull calves and 57 Kangeyam bull calves have been distributed to TCMPF and AH department semen stations.
Imported Bovine Semen Traceability:
Imported Bovine Semen traceability is implemented to study the traceability of imported bull semen doses by inseminating the imported FSS doses in non-descript or cross bred animals with low milk yield. As per the Government of India guidelines, a minimum of 70 daughters per bull are to be traced.
Pashusanjivani scheme involves registration of all the breed able cows under cooperative ambit through INAPH application. Each cow is given a unique 12 digit identification number (Ear tag number) and the details of the cow like ear tag number, milking status, owner’s name, owner’s details, aadhaar number, location etc are entered through INAPH application software. Out of 10.04 lakh animals available under cooperative ambit, 9.80 lakh animals have been registered.
General AI entries through INAPH:
The frozen semen doses produced from NJ&SF, Ooty are distributed to district milk unions for general AI purpose from BFSS unit, Erode. General AI entries through INAPH is a continuation of Pashusanjivani scheme in which the breeding events of cows like Artificial Insemination, Pregnancy verification, calving, registration of calves, vaccination and de-worming etc are entered, monitored and reports are generated so as to maintain a complete reliable database.